A team of researchers at the Institute of Solid State Physics of TU Graz have managed to successfully manipulate the electronic properties of materials using 3D technology, releasing pathways of electrons and holes to change the charge carriers and raising a possibility of designing material with desired electronic properties. This concept can go a long way toward building chemically different blocks for solar cells and also has potential for the development of more multifaceted quantum structures including quantum-checkerboards and quantum-cascades.
Advanced Materials a Result of Insight into Quantum Mechanical Properties
The team of researchers have used 3D computer simulations to take a radically different approach to collective electrostatic effect, disturbing the influences coming from usual arrangement of polar elements, and in turn achieving the modification the electronic states of semiconductors. Energy levels within a material can now be altered in a controlled way in order to produce advanced materials.
A Boon for Photovoltaic Applications
This new strategy to electrostatically design the structure of 3D materials is expected to control the charge carriers at the nanoscale, which can be achieved by changing the electronic levels of chemically alike elements that are semiconducting in nature. The Study has observed that by mimicking acceptor and donor bulk heterojunctions, the resulting advancement material can be highly useful for photovoltaic applications, owing to its structural versatility, which helps in attaining more complex quantum structures.
What is most interesting is that this proposed new approach is not limited to only a certain class of materials, as it solely depends on the superposition of the electric ﬁelds produced by an ordered array of dipolar elements.