Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a disorder of brain, formerly known as attention deficit disorder. It is one of the most common mental disorders affecting children as well as adults. According to an estimation by the American Psychiatric Association, 2.5% of adults and 5% of children suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the U.S. Among the children, the disorder is more common in boys than in girls. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a condition where the patient has trouble in sitting still, focusing on tasks, and paying attention. The patient acts without thinking. This disorder can be diagnosed between the age of 6 and 12 years. The disorder is diagnosed by gathering information from teachers, parents, and others by performing a medical evaluation (including hearing and vision screening) and filling out checklists. No specific cause of the disorder is known.
Increase in the number of pre-term births of babies is a driving factor for the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder market. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC), currently, 20% of the prematurely born babies develop this disorder. Increasing inclination of pregnant women toward toxins such as alcohol, cigarette, and drugs leads to children born with the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Complementary and alternative therapies such as special diets, vitamins, minerals, and herbs may restrain the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder market during the forecast period.
The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder market can be segmented on the basis of symptom type, treatment type, end-user, and region. Based on symptom type, the market can be classified into impulsivity (acting without thinking), hyperactivity (trouble in sitting still), and inattention (trouble in focusing). Based on treatment type, the market can be segmented into psychotherapy, medication, combination of treatments, and others. The psychotherapy segment can be sub-divided into family & marital therapy and behavioral therapy.