Automatic identification system or AIS is a specialized tracking system which functions automatically and are used for avoiding collision on ships by the vessel traffic services. Information provided by AIS supplements marine radar forming one the primary method for avoiding collision among water transport. AIS equipment provides information that includes unique identification, course, speed and position that gets displayed on screen. These equipment are intended for assisting a vessel’s officers allowing maritime authorities to both track as well as monitor vessel movements. The broadcast transponder system present within these AIS are used for operations in the VHF mobile maritime band. These automatic identification system integrates standardized VHF transceiver with positioning system such as GPS receiver along with other electronic navigation sensors that includes gyrocompass or rate of turn indicator.
The vessels that are fitted with transceivers can then get easily tracked by automatic identification system base stations located on the side of the coast lines when vessels are out of range of networks through satellites fitted with AIS receivers capable of deconflicting a large number of signatures. In case of AIS being switched off or not fitted properly there can be no exchange of information via AIS on ships. It should be switched on at all times unless it must be turned off for security reasons or any other emergency. The working mode of AIS in general is continuous and autonomous because of security reasons. The global market for automatic identification system has been segmented into platform, class, application and geography.
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Global automatic identification systems (AIS) market on the basis of geography has been segmented into North America, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Europe, and Middle East and Africa.
These AIS systems are fully automated requiring absolutely no human intervention that forms one of the primary reasons for its immense applications. Unlike radar, these systems are not affected by rains or sea along with providing a longer wavelength. This allows improvement in monitoring movements of other vessels particularly at night also helping personnel present in vessels.
AIS provides information quickly and accurately about the risk of collision when being used with an appropriate display providing dynamic data. All these factors have helped in the growth of this market. Considering all these factors it is the errors resulting from wrong equipment settings which may lead to an emergency incident and thus form a major restraint for this market.
Moreover, there are also certain kind of vessels like fishing vessels that cannot be fitted with AIS posing challenges for this market. Besides all these drivers and restraints it is the growth of security concerns associated with monitoring vessels that is likely to provide huge opportunities in future for this market.
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