Electronic throttle control, also known as drive-by-wire, uses electronic instead of mechanical signals to control the throttle. When someone step on the car’s accelerator pedal, instead of opening the throttle, he is activating an accelerator pedal module, which converts the pressure you exert on the pedal into an electric signal. This signal is then sent to an electronic control unit, which takes your inputs into account, as well as outside variables, to open the throttle for optimum efficiency and performance. It is a complex system and benefits for engine wear, performance and efficiency.
The automotive electronic throttle body offers several advantages over the mechanical throttle system, which include requirement of very less maintenance and makes driving easier. This in turn is estimated to drive the automotive electronic throttle body market. Mechanical throttle system comprise several moving parts, which are subject to wear. Over the life of the vehicle, various components wear out. While, an electronic throttle control system has comparatively fewer moving parts, it transmits signals via electric impulse, and not by moving parts. This reduces wear and the amount of maintenance required on the system. However, its complex structure can lead to malfunctioning, which is a key factor that is likely to hamper the automotive electronic throttle body market.
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The automotive electronic throttle body market can be segmented based on application, sensor type, vehicle type, and geography.
Based on application, the automotive electronic throttle body market can be segregated into gasoline engine and diesel engine. In a gasoline engine, both air and fuel are required for combustion hence, the sensors in a gasoline electronic throttle body measure the air as well as the amount of fuel. In a diesel engine, only fuel is required for combustion and hence, there is only one sensor measures the quantity and the pressure of the fuel entering in combustion chamber.
In terms of sensor type, the automotive electronic throttle body market can be classified into contact type sensors and non-contact type sensors. In the contact type sensors, the measurement is more accurate as compared to the non-contact type sensor. The contact type sensors are directly placed at the position for which the readings are required. The non-contact type sensors are radiation thermometers and operate on the principle of Planck’s law. A large observable area is required for installation of the non-contact type sensors.
In terms of vehicle type, the automotive electronic throttle body market can be segregated into commercial vehicles and passenger vehicles. The commercial vehicles segment can be further sub-segmented into light commercial vehicles and heavy commercial vehicles. The passenger vehicles segment can be further split into hatchbacks, sedans, and multi utility vehicles. Electronic throttle body systems are mostly installed in passenger vehicle due to the higher production of the passenger vehicles worldwide.
Based on geography, the automotive electronic throttle body market can be segmented into Asia Pacific, Europe, North America, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. Asia Pacific is a prominent producer of electronic throttle body systems followed by Europe. The automotive electronic throttle body market in Asia Pacific is estimated to expand at a significant growth rate due to the increasing number of the vehicles manufactured in the region.
Key manufacturers operating in the automotive electronic throttle body market are Magneti Marelli S. p. A., Delphi Automotive PLC, Robert Bosch GmbH, Continental AG, Denso Corporation, Jenvey Dynamics Limited, Hitachi Automotive Systems Ltd., and Pacco Industrial Corporation.