Closed circuit water system, also known as closed loop water system, is a way of heating or cooling water, for applications in industrial and commercial processes. As the word “closed circuit water system” denotes, the system retains same water in the system for a long period of time. The water which is employed as a primary medium and supplied to commercial, manufacturing, and industrial process activities, sometimes, gets affected by corrosion, microbes, biological fouling, deposition, etc. It is necessary that proper water conditions are maintained at all times to ensure that the closed circuit systems operate under optimum effectiveness. This is achieved by employing carefully selected closed circuit water treatment chemicals. If a proper conditions in the closed system are not maintained, then the system can start leaking, causing considerable damage.
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Based on chemical type, the closed circuit water treatment chemicals market can be segmented into anti-foulants, corrosion inhibitors, anti-freeze & de-icing products, and biocides. These products provide significant operational benefits and performance improvements in closed loops and closed circuit systems, improving the efficiency of the system. Corrosion is the predominant problem in closed loops systems due to the presence of moisture. Corrosion inhibitors inhibit the corrosion process and protect the loop surface from corroding, maintaining the quality of water.
The effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors depends on the chemical properties of water and physical conditions such as temperature and flow velocity inside the loop. Anti-foulants are chemicals that prevent fouling of any substance to the system surface. If fouling is not prevented, it can lead to reduced efficiency of the system. Anti-freeze & de-icing products prevent freezing or icing of water inside the closed circuit system. If the water in the system freezes or ice forms, it can led to cracks in the loops. Therefore, to prevent freezing or icing of water in the closed circuits, it is treated with anti-freeze & de-icing chemicals. Biocides are chemicals that kill the bacteria or any other microbes present in the water. It prevents any sort of organisms from entering the water.
In terms of application, the closed circuit water treatment chemicals market can be segmented into commercial, manufacturing, and industrial segments. The water is heated or cooled in a closed circuit system and supplied to these end-uses for their applications. The industrial and manufacturing segments held major share of the closed circuit water treatment chemicals market, followed by the commercial segment. Demand for treated water is high at manufacturing and industrial sites.