are small electricity generators that employ gaseous or liquid fuels to create rotation, which helps turns an electrical generator. Microturbines are used as captive power generation units. The system is designed in combination of a small gas turbine and high-speed generator. Prominent factors boosting the demand for microturbine energy include environmental concerns and electricity generation at source.
Microturbines create limited pollution in terms of SOx and NOx emissions. Global warming concerns have compelled countries to take firm steps to control the situation. The power generation industry is responsible for GHG emissions. Installing a microturbines unit at sites is likely to help reduce the overall emissions. Microturbines are able to run individually or on variety of fuels such as diesel, propane, biogas, and low or high pressure natural gas.
Distributed power generation is achieving prominence in developed and developing countries. The micro turbine is supported by the incentives and policies for promotion expansion. The microturbines have much less payback time of the investment from the other technologies. Some of other advantages include connection flexibility, ability to operate in parallel for larger loads, ability to deliver reliable and stable power, and low emissions compared to the other technologies.
Microturbines are also best for usage in in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) applications as the exhaust heat can be recovered in a heat recovery boiler or hot gases can be used directly. Microturbines are different from larger turbines based on their compression ratios and combustion temperatures. Microturbines can be customized based on emission standards to meet state and federal emission regulations and the stringent guidelines. Demand and applications of energy are increasing, this is driving the need for higher number of sources assisting low emissions and power generation. In turn, boosting the demand, for power generation plants owners and consumers are considering microturbines as cost-effective options for the power generation and supply.
Key companies operating in the microturbines market include Brayton Energy, Bladon Jets, Calnetix Technologies, Flexenergy, Capstone Turbine Corporation, and Toyota Turbine and System Inc.
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